Types of Bailiffs and Their Different Powers

Bailiff law officer hard at workThere are various options to help creditors recover debts. One of these options is to use a bailiff. These professionals have the right resources at their disposal to communicate and negotiate with debtors on your behalf.

While most delinquent debtors might not respond to your debt collection attempts, they will typically respond to a bailiff. There are different types of commercial bailiffs with varying authorisations. Let’s take a look at the various types of bailiffs.

Private Bailiffs

This is a field debt collector selected by a creditor to collect payment from a debtor. You pay a private bailiff’s fee on a commission basis — as a percentage of the money collected. They are neither appointed nor authorised by the court and hence have no power to seize a debtor’s assets.

Certificated Bailiffs

These are also known as enforcement officers. A civil court authorises them to collect a debt, and they possess a bailiff’s general certificate. For them to obtain this licence, the judge should be satisfied that they are fit to hold it and have adequate knowledge of the set laws and regulations. The certificate’s renewal is every two years, and it gives them the legal authority to seize possessions to recover a debt. Though certificated bailiffs are not employees of the court, they are representatives.

High Court Enforcement Officers

These private sector officers enforce both county and high court judgements, transferred for purposes of enforcement. Set government rules govern them, and they should comply with codes of practice. They are also authorised to confiscate goods to recover payment.

People use bailiffs in recovering judgement debts. These are debts determined by a court. They include rent arrears and other private debt. They also collect some forms of public debt such as parking fines, business rates, and council tax.

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